How to prevent bacterial vaginosis Signs and symptoms and preventive measures

how to prevent bacterial vaginiasis

Learn about ” how to prevent bacterial vaginosis : You must Follow all these preventive measures” Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal infection caused by an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina. It is characterized by symptoms such as discharge, itching, and a fishy odor.It is more common in women who are sexually active. … Read more

What is flesh eating bacteria pictures early stages signs snd symptoms

What is flesh eating bacteria pictures early stages

Flesh eating bacteria, also known as necrotizing fasciitis, is a rare but serious bacterial infection that destroys the skin, fat, and the tissue covering the muscles (fascia). It is caused by a variety of bacteria, including group A streptococcus, Klebsiella, Clostridium, and E. coli. If left untreated, the infection can quickly spread and lead to … Read more

Bile Tolerance test procedure, principle and Reagents

Bile Tolerance test is used to differentiate the streptococcus agalectiae from other gram positive cocci. Certain streptococci (S.agalactiae) and enterococci are resistant to 10-40% bile and this test is used to differentiate these from other Gram-positive cocci. Anaerobic bacteria also vary in their ability to grow in the presence of 20% bile. Bile tolerance is … Read more

Potassium cyanide test procedure (KCN test) microbiology

Potassium cyanide medium used to grow the certain kinds of bacteria. Some bacteria grow in the presence of KCN. Potassium cyanide medium test Reagent (KCN test) Nutrient Broth Base : 1 litter Potassium Cyanide Solution 5% :     15 ml Dispense the medium in 1 ml quantities into sterile tubes and stopper quickly with corks. Sterilize … Read more

Methyl red test principle, procedure, reagents (e.coli)

Methyl red test principle, procedure, reagents (e.coli)

Methyl red test or MR test is an important biochemical test used to differentiate the enterobacteria. Methyl red is used as a PH indicator. Methyl red test principle Some bacteria create sufficient acidity from glucose to give RED color with methyl red. While other organisms do not produce more acidity from glucose. Therefore in the … Read more

CAMP test ( christie, Atkins, Munch-Peterson) principle, procedure, result

CAMP test stands for Christie, Atkins, Munch-Peterson test in microbiology. A clear area around the blood agar plate is the sign of a positive CAMP test. CAMP test principle A positive CAMP test produces a clear area around the colony on the surface of a blood agar plate that has been affected by the staphylococcus … Read more

Litmus milk test procedure, result, purpose in microbiology

The litmus milk decolorization test is an important biochemical; test used to identify the clostridia. Litmus milk test principle A heavy inoculum of the test organism is incubated for up to 4 hours in a tube containing litmus milk. A change indicates a reduction of litmus milk in the medium color from mauve to white … Read more

Phenylalanine deaminase test principle, procedure, and purpose

The phenylalanine deaminase test is important to differentiate proteus and providendia from other enterobacteria and enterocolitis. Principle of phenylalanine deaminase test Some enterobacteria members can form phenyl pyruvic acid from phenylalanine by oxidative deamination. When this phenylalanine reacts with acidified ammonium sulfate OR 10 % ferric chloride solution to form phenyl pyruvic acid.This phenyl pyruvic … Read more

Arginine dihydrolase test procedure for pseudomonas aeruginosa

Arginine is an amino acid that builds up protein. Arginine is hydrolyzed by some bacteria, which release an enzyme called arginine dihydrolase. It is the characteristics of certain enterobacteria. Arginine dihydrolase test procedure There are two types of procedures. Procedure: 1 Following are the steps in procedure 1. Inoculate 5 ml arginine broth. Incubate for … Read more