Prothrombin time test procedure: Principle, Requirements, Factors

Prothrombin time test procedure used to check the activity of the EXTRINSIC and COMMON coagulation pathways under standard conditions. When thromboplastin (prepared from rabbit brain) and calcium added with citrate plasma. It activates the coagulation pathway, results in a FIBRIN clot. Time is taken, for this clot to form is called prothrombin time. Prothrombin time … Read more

Principle of bleeding time: methods, clinical significance

The principle of bleeding time (BT) is that when a standard cut is made on the volar surface of the forearm. All clotting mechanisms are activated to stop the bleeding. Time spend during blood flow from cut till it stops without any kind of assistance is bleeding time. Example. You make a standard incision on … Read more

Perfect blood smear technique procedure, thick, thin errors,

blood smear techniques

The perfect blood smear technique is important for the microscopic study of microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and other parasites like Plasmodium species, Leishmania species, and others. Ideal blood film is necessary for identifying the specific types of anemia, whether it is microcytic anemia, microcytic hypochromic, or normocytic anemia. what are the uses of peripheral blood … Read more

May Grunwald Giemsa stain(mgg stain), Principle, Procedure

May Grunwald Giemsa stain(mgg stain), Principle, Procedure

May grunwald giemsa stain is Romanowsky stain.They are composed of two components azure B and Eosin Y. Azure B bind with anionic parts of cell-like DNA and stain them blue. While Eosin Y binds with cationic parts of cell-like protein, it stains them the red color. Giemsa stain was first discovered by Gustav Giemsa in 1902 It is composed … Read more

Hematology exam questions and answers PDF


Important Hematology exam questions and answers PDF Hematology-exam-questions-and-answers 1) RBC  diameter…    a. 7.2-micrometer b. 8-micrometer c. 6.2 micrometer 2) Neutrophil has properties…….   a. 12-24 micrometer diameter b. 2-5 lobes c. purple granules d. All 3) Lymphopoiesis mainly occurs in……   a. Node b. Spleen c. GIT     d. all 4) Anemia caused due … Read more

Hemoglobin range, types, procedure, functions

hemoglobin blood test, principle, procedure

Hb means to stand for Hemoglobin. It is an oxygen-carrying protein that containing iron, this iron is present in almost all vertebrate red blood cells. The hemoglobin blood test is used to measure the concentration of hemoglobin in the blood. (Hb) is a protein found in the Red blood cells (RBC). Hb consists of two … Read more

normal a1c but high fasting glucose glycated-hemoglobin

ABO blood grouping methods forward blood grouping and reverse blood grouping (Tile, Tube) We have confusion when there is normal a1c but high fasting glucose OR fasting glucose is normal but a1c is high. Here is the answers of all these quizzes. Glycosylated Hemoglobin Test is a confirmatory test for the diagnosis of someone, whether he/she … Read more

what happens if erythrocyte sedimentation rate is high

what happens if erythrocyte sedimentation rate is high Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is directly protein synthesis in the blood. When the protein rises in the blood due to infection, it increases the sedimentation rate of the erythrocyte. Increasing of Erythrocyte sedimentation rate happen due to Inflammation in the body bacterial infection Aging Pregnancy polymyalgia rheumatica … Read more

medical technologist as a hematology job description

Medical technologist hematology job description A Medical Technologist Hematology performs different kinds of tests, on blood, urine, stool examination,  studies the morphology of blood components like RBC, WBC, Platelets, and performs coagulation tests like PT, APTT  to assist the diagnosis and treatment of various disease like malaria, TB, COVID-19-19 and more. Medical technologist job description … Read more

Complete blood count normal ranges chart hematology (CBC test)

CBC stands for ‘Complete Blood count‘. CBC test normal range uses to interpret the complete Blood of the patient. Complete Blood Count performs on hematology analyzers like mind ray, Sysmex, and more.  a. Hb (Hemoglobin): Hb amount indicates how much blood Contains Hb. More the Hb amount, more will be oxygenation capacity while less Hb … Read more

how to increase hemoglobin during pregnancy naturally

Natural fruits which raise Hemoglobin  There are many sources that contain iron. This iron is necessary for Hemoglobin. Hb (Haemoglobin) can be increased by natural fruits.  Here is the list of fruits which you need. List of fruits that raise Hemoglobin during pregnancy 1)  Dates 2)  Grapes 3)Watermelon 4) Dry Fruits 5) Meat 6) Mango

Sahli’s Hemoglobin measurement methods, procedure (acid hematin)

Sahli's hemoglobin measuring procedure

Hemoglobin (Hb) is an important content of our blood.  It exists in the red blood cells. There are two hemoglobin measurement methods. Here is Sahli’s method of hb estimation. Hb test by Sahli method procedure (sahli’s hb method) Hemoglobin is an oxygen-carrying protein in the blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs and transport to … Read more