plasmodium falciparum signs and symptoms, prevention

Plasmodium falciparum signs and symptoms came out within 2 to 3 days after the mosquito bite.

5 main signs and symptoms Plasmodium falciparum 

This is a serious sometimes fatal disease of malaria caused by the biting of a mosquito known as Anopheles. Malaria is caused by the Sporozoa, genus Plasmodium. Malaria has four types.

It completes its lifecycle in two stages asexual and sexual stages.

plasmodium falciparum signs and symptoms

what are the 5 main symptoms of plasmodium falciparum after mosquito bites?

Plasmodium falciparum has mainly these symptoms. These symptoms mostly occur within 10 days to 4 weeks.

  1. Chill
  2. Fever
  3. Headache
  4. Nausea
  5. Vomiting

what are the 4 main Complications of plasmodium falciparum fever?

Malaria can be deadly, especially malaria caused by a variety of insects that are common in tropical Africa. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 91 percent of all malaria deaths occur in Africa – especially among children under 5 years of age.
In many cases, malaria deaths are related to one or more problems, including:

Brain malaria. If the blood cells are full of germs blocking the small blood vessels in your brain (cerebral malaria), inflammation of your brain or brain damage can occur. Cerebral malaria can cause fainting and coma.

Respiratory problems: Accumulated fluid in your lungs (pulmonary edema) can make it difficult to breathe.

Physical failure. Malaria can cause kidney failure or liver failure, or spinal cord injury. Any of these conditions can be life-threatening.
Anemia. Malaria damages red blood cells, which can lead to blood loss.
Low blood sugar. The strongest strains of malaria itself can cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), such as quinine – one of the most common drugs used to fight malaria. Too low blood sugar can result in a coma or death.

Plasmodium falciparum  treatment and prevention

If you live or visit an area where malaria is common, take steps to avoid mosquito bites. Mosquitoes are very active between mornings and evenings. To protect yourself from mosquito bites, you should:

 

  1. Cover your skin. Wear long-sleeved trousers and shirts.
  2. Apply insect repellent to skin and clothing. A spray containing DEET can be applied to the skin and sprays containing permethrin are safe to apply to clothing.
  3. Lie down under the net. Bed nets, especially those with insecticide-treated bed nets, help prevent mosquito bites while you sleep.

 

If you are going to a place where malaria is common, talk to your doctor a few months early about whether you should take drugs before, during, and after your trip to help protect you from malaria.

Generally, antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) are the same drugs used to treat the disease. Your doctor needs to know where you are going and where to go to help you assess your risk of infection and, if necessary, prescribe a treatment that will work best for the type of malaria virus that is most prevalent in that area.

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