Difference between mitosis and meiosis table

Here’s the Difference between mitosis and meiosis table from.

6 Main points in mitosis

  • Cellular Division: Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells.
  • Purpose: Essential for growth, tissue repair, and asexual reproduction.
  • Stages: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase (PMAT).
  • Chromosome Movement: Chromosomes condense, align, separate, and move to opposite poles during mitosis.
  • Daughter Cells: Two daughter cells are produced, both with the same chromosome number as the original cell (diploid).
  • Genetic Identity: Daughter cells are genetically identical to the parent cell and to each other.
  • Occurs in Somatic Cells: Mitosis primarily occurs in somatic (non-reproductive) cells.

6 Main points in meiosis

  • Cellular Division: Meiosis results in four unique daughter cells.
  • Purpose: Primarily for the formation of gametes (sperm and egg cells) for sexual reproduction.
  • Stages: Meiosis consists of two sequential divisions: Meiosis I and Meiosis II.
  • Chromosome Movement: Chromosomes undergo crossing over and independent assortment, contributing to genetic diversity.
  • Daughter Cells: Four daughter cells are produced, each with half the chromosome number of the original cell (haploid).
  • Genetic Diversity: Results in significant genetic variation due to processes like crossing over and random assortment.
  • Reduction in Chromosome Number: Chromosome number is halved, ensuring the restoration of the diploid state during fertilization.
  • Occurs in Germ Cells: Meiosis occurs in the germ cells within reproductive organs, ensuring genetic diversity in offspring.

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