Microcytic Hypochromic Anemia: Causes symptoms, Lab Diagnosis

Anemia is defined as a low hemoglobin level. There are three types of anemia. Microcytic hypochromic anemia is one of the most occurring types.

Microcytic Hypochromic Anemia: Causes symptoms, Lab Diagnosis

Signs, symptoms, and lab diagnosis of microcytic hypochromic anemia is different from other kinds of anemia.

What is the Laboratory finding in Microcytic hypochromic anemia?

Following are the lab finding in microcytic hypochromic anemia

  1. Red Blood Cells (RBC) size decrease as compared to normal size.
  2. Hemoglobin will decrease in amount.
  3. Mean carpusal volume (MCV) will be less than 83 fl.
  4. Mean carpusal Hemoglobin (MCH) will be less than 27 pg.
  5. Mean carpusal hemoglobin concentration will be below 32 g/dl.

what are the 5 main causes of microcytic hypochromic anemia?

Causes of microcytic anemia remembered by mnemonic “L.I.S.T

  1. Iron deficiency
  2. lead poisoning
  3. Sidroblastic anemia
  4. Hereditary causes
  5. Chronic disease

What are the signs and symptoms of microcytic hypochromic anemia?

signs and symptoms of microcytic hypochromic anemia
  1. Weakness
  2. Headache
  3. Pale skin
  4. Dizziness

What are the microcytic anemia diagnosis

  1. Hemoglobin estimation
  2. Total Red Blood cells count
  3. MCV, MCH, MCHC estimation.
  4. Peripheral blood smear

Microcytic anemia definition

“Micocytic” means small in size. In microcytic anemia, red blood cells are smaller in size compare to normal red blood cells on blood film. In microcytic anemia, the MCV (mean capsule volume ) of RBC is less than normal MCV.

Hypochromic definition

“Hypochromic” means light in color as compare to normal color. In the case of microcytic hypochromic anemia, there is a smaller RBC with light red in color. The red color of RBC is due to hemoglobin, when there is a small quantity of Hemoglobin (Hb), there will be less MCH, MCHC, and light color of RBC on blood film.

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