mch blood test in hindi |एमसीएच रक्त परीक्षण

The MCH blood test is a component of the Complete Blood Count (CBC), a standard laboratory examination that measures various elements of the blood.

(एमसीएच रक्त परीक्षण पूर्ण रक्त गणना (सीबीसी) का एक घटक है, जो एक मानक प्रयोगशाला परीक्षण है जो रक्त के विभिन्न तत्वों को मापता है।)

MCH stands for Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin, and it provides information about the average amount of hemoglobin present within each red blood cell.

(एमसीएच का मतलब मीन कॉर्पस्क्यूलर हीमोग्लोबिन है, और यह प्रत्येक लाल रक्त कोशिका के भीतर मौजूद हीमोग्लोबिन की औसत मात्रा के बारे में जानकारी प्रदान करता है।)

MCH level offers insight into the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells.

How is the MCH blood Test Performed?

The MCH test is conducted as part of the CBC, which typically involves drawing a small sample of blood from a vein, usually in the arm.

(एमसीएच परीक्षण सीबीसी के भाग के रूप में आयोजित किया जाता है, जिसमें आम तौर पर बांह में नस से रक्त का एक छोटा सा नमूना लेना शामिल होता है। यहां सीबीसी की ऑनलाइन गणना करें।) सीबीसी कैलकुलेटर

This blood sample is then analyzed in a clinical laboratory using automated equipment. The equipment measures the concentration of hemoglobin within the red blood cells and calculates the MCH value.

Interpreting MCH Results

The MCH is expressed in picograms (pg) and represents the average weight of hemoglobin per red blood cell.

However, the normal range may vary slightly from one laboratory to another due to differences in testing methods and equipment.

  • Normal MCH Levels: Adults has 27 – 33 pg/cell MCH level.

The interpretation of MCH results requires consideration of other CBC components, medical history, and symptoms to arrive at a definitive diagnosis. Abnormal MCH levels are broadly classified into two categories:

  • High MCH Levels (Hyperchromia)
  • Low MCH Levels (Hypochromia)

High MCH Levels mean (Hyperchromia) | उच्च एमसीएच माध्य

Elevated MCH levels may indicate macrocytic anemia, a condition characterized by the presence of larger than normal red blood cells.

Causes of macrocytic anemia can include vitamin B12 or folate deficiencies, certain medications, or underlying health conditions affecting red blood cell synthesis.

Low MCH Levels mean (Hypochromia)

Decreased MCH levels can indicate hypochromic anemia, a condition where red blood cells have reduced hemoglobin content.

This can be caused by iron deficiency, chronic blood loss, certain chronic diseases, or genetic disorders affecting hemoglobin synthesis.

Clinical Significance of MCH blood Test

The MCH test, in conjunction with other CBC parameters, provides vital information about a person’s overall health and helps healthcare professionals in the following ways:

  • Diagnosing Anemia: Anemia is a condition characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin. MCH levels can help identify the type of anemia, whether it’s iron-deficiency anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, or another form.
  • Monitoring Treatment: For individuals already diagnosed with anemia or related conditions, regular MCH tests can help monitor the effectiveness of treatment.
  • Identifying Underlying Health Conditions: Abnormal MCH levels may indicate underlying health conditions.


The MCH blood test is a crucial component of the Complete Blood Count (CBC) that provides valuable information about the average amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells. It helps healthcare professionals diagnose anemia and identify potential health issues.

(अंततः एमसीएच रक्त परीक्षण पूर्ण रक्त गणना (सीबीसी) का एक महत्वपूर्ण घटक है जो लाल रक्त कोशिकाओं में हीमोग्लोबिन की औसत मात्रा के बारे में बहुमूल्य जानकारी प्रदान करता है। यह स्वास्थ्य देखभाल पेशेवरों को एनीमिया का निदान करने और संभावित स्वास्थ्य समस्याओं की पहचान करने में मदद करता है।)

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